Volume 12 begins with a review of both female and male breast anatomy as well as techniques for examining the breast and axillae. Techniques for identifying masses and assessing risk factors for breast cancer are covered, including risk assessment tools and screening recommendations for mammography, clinical breast exam, and self-breast examination. Vol Examining Axillae. Running Time: Volume 12 begins with a review of both female and male breast anatomy as well as techniques for examining the breast and axillae.
UC San Diego's Practical Guide to Clinical Medicine
NCBI Bookshelf. Jessica A. Henderson ; Doug Duffee ; Troy Ferguson. Authors Jessica A. Henderson 1 ; Doug Duffee 2 ; Troy Ferguson 3. The ability to perform a thorough and accurate breast exam is an important skill for medical practitioners of many levels and specialties. A clinical breast exam is a key step in the diagnosis and surveillance of a number of benign and malignant breast diseases.
The breast is made up of milk producing glands that are arranged into units known as lobules. These glands are connected via a series of ducts that ultimately join up to form a common drainage path, terminating at the nipple. The nipple is surrounded by a ring of pigmented tissue known as the areola. Fibro-elastic and fatty tissue provide support for the rest of the structure and allow the breast to maintain its distinctive shape.
It is important to learn the correct technique for the breast exam to better discriminate between benign and possible malignant lesions. Common presenting complaints of breast disease are self-detected masses or breast pain. The physical exam of the breast can be divided into three components: inspection, palpation and lymph node exam.